In CSS, there are so many interesting tricks for specific problems. So, to break down these problems, we have to understand deeply about concepts. When I practice coding about html, css that is relevant to navigation, I cope with a problem about centering texts between it. It use height and line-height properties to center navigation.

In this article, we will find out about height, line-height properties, and how to apply them into our case.

Table of contents

Line-height and height properties

height is the vertical measurement of the container.

Ex: height of a div.

line-height is the distance from the top of the first line of text to the top of the second.

If used with only one line of text, it produces similar results in most cases.

Using height property when we want to explicitly set the container size.

Using line-height property for typographic layout where it might be relevant if a user resizes the text.

Values of line-height property

The following table will describe values of line-height property:

value Description
normal A normal line height. This is default.
number A number that will be multiplied with the current font-size to set the line height.
length A fixed line height in px, pt, cm, …
% A line height in percent of the current font size.
initial Sets this property to its default value.
inherit Inherits this property from its parent element.


Consider a problem about centering texts in navigation bar, with the following image:

<div class="header">
    <h2 class="logo">Navigation</h2>
    <ul class="menu">
        <a href="#">Home</a>
        <a href="#">About</a>
        <a href="#">Services</a>
        <a href="#">Works</a>
        <a href="#">Contact</a>
* {
    margin: 0;
    padding: 0; 

.header {
    height: 100px;
    background-color: #34495e;
    padding: 0 20px;

.logo {
    color: #ffffff;
    line-height: 100px;
    text-transform: uppercase;
    float: left;

.menu {
    float: right;
    line-height: 100px;
    background-color: #34495e;    

.menu a {
    text-transform: uppercase;
    text-decoration: none;
    padding: 0 10px;
    color: #ffffff;
    transition: 0.7s;

.menu a:hover {
  color: #219AA7;

Wrapping up

  • To understand how line-height property works, refer this link

  • Using line-height property for typographic case.

  • Using height property for the container’s size.